International Research and Review

International Research and Review:

Journal of Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars

ISSN: 2167-8669

Home Aims and Scope Author Guidelines Editorial Board Current Issue Past Issues International Review - Archive

The IRR is the official journal of Phi Beta Delta, Honor Society for International Scholars. It is published in ther Fall and Spring depending on the quantity and quality of the submissions. Information on submission can be found in the above Author Guidelines. Current and Past Issues are also available.

In addition, you will find an archive with previous issue of the International Review, which was published by Phi Beta Delta between 1990-2002. There was an hiatus due to the high cost of publishing a hard copy for all members. The journal was reestablished and renamed in 2011 and is published online on the Phi Beta Delta website.

Michael B. Smithee, Ed.D.
Director of Publications and
Editor, International Research and Review and Medallion


Aims and Scope

International Research and Review: Journal of Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars is the official publication of the Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars. It is a multidisciplinary journal whose primary objectives are to: (1) recognize, disseminate and share the scholarship of our members with the global academic community; (2) provide a forum for the advancement of academic inquiry and dialogue among all members and stakeholders; and (3) cultivate support for international education among campus leadership by working with university administrators to expand the support for international education among campus leaders.

IRR is a peer-reviewed electronic journal providing a forum for scholars and educators to engage in a multi-disciplinary exchange of ideas, to address topics of mutual concern, and to advocate for policies that enhance the international dimension of higher education. It is published in the Fall and Spring each academic year. Articles should focus on studies and systematic analyses that employ qualitative, quantitative, a mixture of both methods, and theoretical methodologies from an international scope. Both pedagogical and andragogical perspectives in teaching and learning are welcome.

The Journal reaches out to an audience involved in matters touching all areas of international education, including theoretical, empirical, and normative concerns and concepts as well as practices. It includes stakeholders, practitioners, advocates, as well as faculty, independent researchers, staff, and administrators of programs and institutions engaged in the field. The editors welcome manuscripts that address the following concerns:

International studies and perspectives
Review of current literature pertaining to international studies
Initiatives and impacts in international education exchange
International program development at American colleges and universities
Internationalizing of curricula: policies, programs, practices, and impacts
International business education
Comparative international education issues
Curriculum development in area studies
Legal issues in the development of international programming
Other related topics


Peer – Review Process
All manuscripts will be forwarded to the Editor for initial review of its relevance of theme, significance, and over-all quality. Manuscripts which fit the aim and scope of the Journal, and are of sufficient quality, will then be forwarded to two anonymous reviewers. At the end of the review process, authors will be notified of any comments that the reviewers have made. They will also make a recommendation regarding whether to accept, revise and resubmit, or reject the paper.

Publication Frequency
The IRR is intended to be published once per year, but will be published more often as additional articles are received. The Proceedings of Phi Beta Delta will be a separate publication of Phi Beta Delta. It will include conference papers, speeches, commentary, and other information particular to the society.

Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The journal will be published solely on-line.

Copyright Notice
Authors hold the copyright of articles published in the IRR. Request to reprint IRR articles in other journals will be addressed to the author. Reprints must credit Phi Beta Delta and the IRR as the original publisher and include the URL of the IRR publication. Permission is hereby granted to copy an article, provided IRR is credited and copies are not sold.

Articles published in the IRR will be disseminated by the EBSCOHost Databases to libraries and other of the clients.


Author Guidelines

The IRR is a multidisciplinary journal that welcomes

1. Submission of manuscripts reflecting research representing all areas of study that promote the international and global dimensions of institutions programs (including both policy, practice, and debates) and individual experience of engaging in international education;
2. Articles on current issues of the day regarding international education: the practice, curriculum, institutional issues, faculty and administration management, and cultural aspects and;
3. Book reviews, and reviews or critiques of current literature.

The increasing interest in international opportunities and promotion of scholarship in this shrinking world create new challenges. This purpose of such a publication is to contribute and engage in the conversation related to the broad frames of international education, internationalization, and international scholars. It is hoped that the Phi Beta Delta annual conference and will provide an environment where students, staff, faculty and interested groups can highlight their scholarship in these areas. The conference also serves as a forum for acquiring new ideas, conceptualizations, best practices, as well as discussion on these and other issues of international education.

Research articles may employ qualitative, quantitative, plural (mixed-methods), and theoretical methodologies from an international scope. Both pedagogical and andragogical perspectives on the international experience of teaching, learning, and cross-cultural interchange are welcome. There is no page limit on the submissions. Articles should use the bibliographic and formatting standards found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Authors whose articles are accepted for publication are required to ensure that their data are fully accessible. Authors of quantitative empirical articles must make their data available for replication purposes. A statement of how that is done must appear in the first footnote of the article. Required material would include all data, specialized computer programs, program recodes, and an explanatory file describing what is included and how to reproduce the published results. The IRR is published four times a year on-line by Phi Beta Delta, Honor Society of International Scholars.

Please send your submissions to the Editor at:


Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format using Times New Roman font type.
  3. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining
  4. All URL addresses in the text are activated and ready to click.
  5. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  6. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Manuscript Format Guidelines.

Submitting your manuscript:
Please follow the detailed instructions for the manuscript format which are found in the Author Guidelines under Manuscript Format Guidelines. Go to:

For example, manuscripts must be only in MS Word format (2007 or earlier) and should be formatted ready for publication using the APA style, 6th edition. The font for your paper should be Times New Roman, 12 pt. type. Figures and tables should be embedded and not supplied separately. Please make sure that, wherever possible, you use normal fonts in your text. Special fonts, such as fonts used in the Far East (Japanese, Chinese, Korean, etc.) may cause problems during processing. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spellchecker' function of MS Word.

The IRR journal will be printed in a 7" wide x10" high format. Your top, bottom, left and right page margins should be 1" inch all around.

Paper Structure
Your paper should be prepared in the following order

a. First Page: the title, author and abstract, keywords, and beginning of the introduction if room is available.
b. Introduction, to explain the background work, the practical applications and the nature and purpose of the paper
c. Body, to contain the primary message, with clear lines of thought and validation of the techniques described
d. Findings
e. Conclusion
f. Discussion
g. Limitations and Future Research Directions, as appropriate
h. Author Bios (one paragraph, no more than 100 words)
i. References
j. Appendices (when appropriate)


Editorial Board

Dr. Patricia Burak  -  - Syracuse University

Dr. Gary Cretser  -  - California State University, Pomona

Dr. Charles Gliozzo  -  - Michigan State University

Dr. Yiurj Kondratenko  -  - Black Sea State University, Ukraine

Dr. Carl Patton  -  - Georgia State University

Dr. Christina Rios -  - Lamar University

Mr. Skip Greenblatt  -  - Syracuse University (retired)

Dr. Judy Smrha  -  - Baker University

Dr. Marco Tavanti  -  - DePaul University

Dr. Joshua McKeown -  - Oswego State University

Dr. Sharman Siebenthal-Adams  -  - University of Michigan

Dr. Rosalind Bresnahan  - Consulting Editor Associate Managing Editor, Latin American Perspectives


Current Issue

Volume 7, Number 1 - Fall 2017

Click on the links below to view articles in the current issue of the International  Research and Review: Journal of  Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars in PDF format:

Fall 2017 IRR and Proceedings


Past Issues

Volume 6, Number 2 - Spring 2017

Spring 2017 IRR and Proceedings

Volume 6, Number 1 - Fall 2016

Fall 2016 IRR and Proceedings

PHI BETA DELTA 30th Anniversary Special Double Issue
Volume 4 Number 1 Fall 2014
Volume 4 Number 1 Fall 2015

30th Anniversary Special Double Issue

Volume 5, Number 1 – Fall 2015

Fall 2015 IRR and Proceedings

Volume 4, Number 2 – Spring 2015

Spring 2015 IRR and Proceedings

Volume 4, Number 1 – Fall 2014

Fall 2014 IRR and Proceedings

Volume 3, Number 1 – Fall 2013

Fall 2013 IRR and Proceedings

Volume 2, Number 1 – Fall 2012

Fall 2012 IRR and Proceedings

Volume 1, Issue 1 – Fall 2011

Changes in European Higher Education
Christina Rios, Lamar University

Making Learning Meaningful: International Perspectives on Teaching Children Considered to be At-Risk for School Failure
Therese Wehman, Michael Savage, Jeanne White, Nancy Lee, and Judy Grimes, Elmhust College

The Italianate Englishman: The Italian Influence in Elizabethan Literature
Maureen Fox, California State University, Fullerton

Ukraine's participation in the Bologna Process: Will it result in more transparency in Ukrainian higher education institutions?
Svetlana Filiatreau, George Mason University

China's Re-Emergence: Sociolinguistic Challenges faced by Chinese International Students Enrolled in U.S. Universities
Marilyn Sharif and Jorge Osterling, George Mason University

The First Experience of International Travel: Contributing to Global Nursing

Marilyn Smith-Stoner and Evelyn Gonzalez, California State University San Bernardino